If China agreed to purchase “$40 to $50 billion” of U.S. farm goods in “the next two years,” as President Donald J. Trump announced Oct. 11, the futures market — where market reality is quickly sorted from political talk — literally wasn’t buying it.
In fact, November soybean futures, the nearby contract, opened Monday, Oct. 14 at $9.405 per bu. and closed at $9.405, an almost unheard of result given that U.S. farmers are in the middle of their annual soybean season and the White House is in the middle of another monthly China tariff fight.
The December corn futures were even less impressed. Traders opened corn at $4.01 per bu. that day and finished the session nearly four cents per bu. lower. Prices then drained lower for the next two weeks.
And hogs? Every U.S. market player knows African Swine Flu continues to decimate the Chinese hog herd—some guesses put pig losses at a staggering 45 percent nationwide. So the President’s Oct. 11 announcement of “substantial” ag exports to China propelled December hog futures through the roof, right?
Not even close. Indeed, two weeks after the White House’s ag-exports talk, December hog futures were $5 per hundredweight, or more than seven percent, lower than the day of the announcement.
Traders had a good reason for their cold reception to the President’s red-hot news. Most have been burned by fiery White House talk before so few were buying a pound of anything—witness soybean futures’ remarkably flat day—until they got confirmation.
Not only did it not come, news the next day proved the traders’ worries to be correct; China openly downplayed the White House’s giddy enthusiasm for any $50 billion ag deal and claimed no such agreement had been put to paper.
The market’s overall sustained, lower reaction, however, is pointing to other, more ominous problems between China and the U.S. than just ag.
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For example, the problem that started this trade war—the thorny, unresolved issue of China’s required technology transfer by U.S. firms to do business there—is rarely mentioned by either side.
But it’s more than just technology transfers. If the U.S. and China agree to any interim ag deal in the coming month, reported Reuters Oct. 25, that deal still “will not cover U.S. allegations of Chinese hacking into U.S. companies and government agencies, state subsidies, [or] Beijing’s alleged dumping of lower-priced products on global markets…”
How can any U.S.-Chinese ag deal — an increased likelihood — stay above water with all that weight hanging around its neck? The market appears to be betting that it won’t.
Another reason to worry is the sudden stern tone U.S. leaders have taken on China in speeches both there and in the U.S. The first to grumble was Terry Branstad, the former Iowa governor who now serves as U.S. ambassador to China.
On Oct. 21, Branstad publicly offered some “unusually pointed remarks … [that] turn on a catchphrase — reciprocity — that U.S. officials have invoked to justify a tougher approach toward China on issues including commerce and diplomacy,” explained the Washington Post.
Branstad was speaking on behalf of the White House and proof came three days later when Vice President Mike Pence, reported the New York Times, “denounced American companies that he said had compromised American values like free speech to appease the Chinese Communist Party.”
China didn’t take either slap lightly. A day after the Pence speech, a Chinese government spokeswoman said the Vice President’s speech “‘exuded sheer arrogance and hypocrisy, and was packed with political prejudice and lies…’”
The American directness and the equally curt Chinese reply do not sound like two nations nearing agreement on anything. In fact, the unusually tough, undiplomatic talk sounds more like two nations preparing for a cold war rather than two nations preparing to end a trade war.
If that’s the case—and who knows given this mercurial White House—then the futures traders’ bet soon will pay off yet again.
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The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the U.S. and Canada. Source material, past columns and contact information are posted at farmandfoodfile.com.