spotlight Today in history: Jan. 7 Jan 7, 2020 Jan 7, 2020 0 Major events that happened around the world on this day in history. 1789: America presidential election In 1789, America held its first presidential election as voters chose electors who, a month later, selected George Washington to be the nation's first chief executive. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1904: "SOS" In 1904, the Marconi International Marine Communication Company of London announced that the telegraphed letters "CQD" would serve as a maritime distress call (it was later replaced with "SOS"). AP 1927: ransatlantic telephone service In 1927, commercial transatlantic telephone service was inaugurated between New York and London. AP 1953: State of the Union In 1953, President Truman announced in his State of the Union message to Congress that the United States had developed a hydrogen bomb. Byron Rollins 1959: Cuba In 1959, the United States recognized the new government of Cuba, six days after Fidel Castro led the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista. Anonymous 1972: Supreme Court In 1972, Lewis F. Powell, Jr. and William H. Rehnquist were sworn in as the 99th and 100th members of the U.S. Supreme Court. ASSOCIATED PRESS 1979: Phnom Penh In 1979, Vietnamese forces captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government. D. GRAY 1989: Emperor Hirohito In 1989, Emperor Hirohito of Japan died in Tokyo at age 87; he was succeeded by his son, Crown Prince Akihito. AP 1999: Clinton Impeachment Trial In 1999, for the second time in history, an impeached American president went on trial before the Senate. President Bill Clinton faced charges of perjury and obstruction of justice; he was acquitted. TEL 2004: George W. Bush On Jan. 7, 2004, President George W. Bush proposed legal status, at least temporarily, for millions of immigrants improperly working in the U.S. PABLO MARTINEZ MONSIVAIS 2006: Jill Carroll In 2006, Jill Carroll, a freelance journalist for The Christian Science Monitor, was kidnapped and her translator shot dead in Baghdad. (Carroll was freed almost three months later.) ASSOCIATED PRESS 2010: BCS Championship Ten years ago: No. 1 Alabama held on for a 37-21 win over No. 2 Texas in the BCS championship played in Pasadena, California. Chris Carlson 2010: Egypt Christmas Attack Ten years ago: Thousands of Egyptian Christians went on a rampage after six members of their community were gunned down as they left midnight Mass for Coptic Christians in the southern Egyptian town of Nag Hamadi. str 2010: St Louis Shooting Ten years ago: A worker for a transformer-making company in St. Louis showed up at the plant and opened fire, killing three people and wounding five before killing himself. Jeff Roberson 2015: Charlie Hebdo Five years ago: Masked gunmen stormed the Paris offices of Charlie Hebdo, a French newspaper that had caricatured the Prophet Mohammad, methodically killing 12 people, including the editor, before escaping in a car. (Two suspects were killed two days later.) Remy de la Mauviniere 2015: Rod Taylor Five years ago: Actor Rod Taylor 82, died in Los Angeles. Reed Saxon 2019: Amazon One year ago: Amazon eclipsed Microsoft as the most valuable publicly-traded company in the U.S. Richard Drew 2019: Cyntoia Brown One year ago: Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam granted clemency to 30-year-old Cyntoia Brown, who said she was a 16-year-old sex trafficking victim when she killed a man in 2004. Mark Humphrey 2019: Kevin Spacey One year ago: Actor Kevin Spacey pleaded not guilty in Nantucket, Massachusetts, to groping an 18-year-old busboy in 2016 in the first criminal case brought against Spacey following a string of sexual misconduct allegations. Steven Senne 2019: National Championship One year ago: Second-ranked Clemson defeated No. 1 Alabama 44-16 in the national championship game of the college football playoffs; Clemson became the first team in the AP poll era, dating back to 1936, to finish 15-0. David J. Phillip 2019: Ruth Bader Ginsburg One year ago: For the first time in more than 25 years, Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was absent from oral arguments as she recuperated from cancer surgery. 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